Elephant Giam Siak Kecil (GSK) Elephant Bag is one of the pockets of habitat in Riau province, while in Riau alone there are 8 (eight) habitat pockets that still have Elephant inside. in the year 2010 still found 13 bags of elephant habitat still in the elephant, and over time 5 of 13 pockets of elephant habitat expressed Extinct because it no longer found elephant inside.
GSK Elephant Bag is an important elephant pouch to keep, because it still finds elephant group that migrate from Balairaja habitat bag, which is now ecologically declared extinct, Because already in control by expansion of oil palm plantation. 24 Balairaja elephant counts are found in GSK habitat pockets and the displacements start from 2013 – 2015. From 2015 it is indicated that balairaja elephants do not return to Balairaja, due to changes in habitat and barrier of elephant trenches built by oil palm companies such as PT. Adei.
The Giam Siak Kecil Elephant Bag is located in a protected area set by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve area, comprising peat swamp forests while GSK elephants survive in mineral areas located in the GSK area. They survive in the concession area HTI (Forest Planting Industries) owned by PT. THE ARARA ABADI that plant Eucalyptus plants. The mineral areas of the GSK Elephant habitat enclave are in the midst of the HTI which is adjacent to the settlement of residents in Koto Pait Beringin village and Beringin Village.
11 March 2018, the Rimba Satwa Foundation (RSF) patrol team found elephant group consisting of 25 – 30 elephants in HTI Eukaliptus plant belonging to ARARA ABADI at around 16.00 wib. And HTI is opposite the Dusun Suluk Bongkal located in the administrative area of Koto Pait Beringin Village. The RSF patrol team then provided the information to the community that had previously been established in the conflict mitigation team in order to be on guard. By building a good communication system for conflict mitigation teams aimed at minimizing losses. At 20.00 wib elephant group entered the residents of Dusun Suluk Bongkal residents precisely in kampong sakai.
The RSF patrol team & mitigation team of Dusun Suluk bongkal worked together to lead the elephant group back to HTI area until 03.00 AM in the morning. And with the cooperation, communication and excellent coordination of the group can be well guarded without giving too big a loss. This is what makes the GSK Habitat enclave a must and need to be saved, because the Elephant and biosphere reserve area that UNESCO stays in one landscape, namely Landscape Giam Siak Kecil – Bukit Batu.